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The Mount Everest



The Mount Everest

The Mount Everest, the highest peak in the world, is located on the border between Tibet and Nepal in the Himalayan Mountains in Asia. Everest is situated on the Tibetan Plateau known as Qing Zang Gaoyuan; the summit is directly between Tibet/China and Nepal.
Mount Everest, also known in Nepal as Sagarmāthā and in Tibet asChomolungma, is Earth's highest mountain. It is located in theMahalangur mountain range in Nepal. Its peak is 8,848 metres (29,029 ft) above sea level. It is not the furthest summit from the centre of the Earth. That honour goes to Mount Chimborazo, in the Andes. The international border between China (Tibet Autonomous Region) and Nepalruns across Everest's precise summit point. Its massif includes neighbouring peaks Lhotse, 8,516 m (27,940 ft); Nuptse, 7,855 m (25,771 ft) and Changtse, 7,580 m (24,870 ft).
In 1856, the Great Trigonometrical Survey of India established the first published height of Everest, then known as Peak XV, at 29,002 ft (8,840 m). The current official height of 8,848 m (29,029 ft) as recognised by China and Nepal was established by a 1955 Indian survey and subsequently confirmed by a Chinese survey in 1975. In 1865, Everest was given its official English name by the Royal Geographical Society upon a recommendation by Andrew Waugh, the British Surveyor General of India. Waugh named the mountain after his predecessor in the post, Sir George Everest, arguing that there were many local names, against the opinion of Everest.
Mount Everest attracts many highly experienced mountaineers as well as capable climbers willing to hire professional guides. There are two main climbing routes, one approaching the summit from the southeast in Nepal (known as the standard route) and the other from the north in Tibet. While not posing substantial technical climbing challenges on the standard route, Everest presents dangers such as altitude sickness, weather, wind as well as significant objective hazards from avalanches and the Khumbu Icefall.
The first recorded efforts to reach Everest's summit were made by Britishmountaineers. With Nepal not allowing foreigners into the country at the time, the British made several attempts on the north ridge route from the Tibetan side. After the first reconnaissance expedition by the British in 1921 reached 7,000 m (22,970 ft) on the North Col, the 1922 expeditionpushed the North ridge route up to 8,320 m (27,300 ft) marking the first time a human had climbed above 8,000 m (26,247 ft). Tragedy struck on the descent from the North col when seven porters were killed in an avalanche. The 1924 expedition resulted in the greatest mystery on Everest to this day: George Mallory and Andrew Irvine made a final summit attempt on June 8 but never returned, sparking debate as to whether they were the first to reach the top. They had been spotted high on the mountain that day but disappeared in the clouds, never to be seen again, until Mallory's body was found in 1999 at 8,155 m (26,755 ft) on the North face. Tenzing Norgay and Edmund Hillary made the first official ascent of Everest in 1953 using the southeast ridge route. Tenzing had reached 8,595 m (28,199 ft) the previous year as a member of the 1952 Swiss expedition. The Chinese mountaineering team of Wang Fuzhou, Gonpoand Qu Yinhua made the first reported ascent of the peak from the North Ridge on May 25, 1960

A brief Fact Sheet of Mount Everest
Definition of Mount Everest:a mountain in the central Himalayas on the border of Tibet and Nepal; the highest mountain peak in the world.
Nepali Name:Sagarmatha (which means Goddess of the sky)
Tibetan NameChomolungma (which means mother Goddess of the Universe)
Height:8848 meters or 29,029 ft
Location:On the border between Nepal and Tibet, where all of the worlds 14 Eight thousand meter peaks are found.
Longitude86º55’40’ E
Latitudelatitude 270 45’ N and 280 0’ N and longitude 800 30’ E and 870 0’ E in the Solukhumbhu District of Sagarmatha Zone of the kingdom of Nepal
Local People:Sherpas and Tibetan
Summit Record Holders:
Longest Stay on top:Babu Chiri Sherpa, who stayed at the summit for twenty one and half hours.
First Climbers:Tenzing Norgay from Nepal and  Sir Edmund Percival Hillary from New Zealand, on 5/29/1953 via the South-East Ridge Route
First Nepali Women to Climb:Pasang Llamu Sherpa, on April 22nd, 1993
One of the best climbers:Nepali, Apa Sherpa, climbed Everest 11 times.
Fastest AscentBabu Chhiri Sherpa on June 21 2000, ascent from south side
Hans Kammerlander May 24,1996, ascent from north side
Youngest Climber:Nepali, Temba Tsheri Age 15 on May 22, 2001
First Women Climber:In 1975 – The first woman to summit Everest was Junko Tabei, a Japanese, who reached the summit via the South-East Ridge route.
Oldest Person to Climb:A Nepali, age 76, Mr. Min Bahadur Sherchan of Nepal
Second Rupper Up:
was a 71 Year Old Japanese Katsusuke Yanagisawa, a teacher by profession.
Oldest Women to Climb:Anna Czerwinska May 22, 2000
Largest Group to reach the summit:50 people on May 2002
First Couple to ever get married on the summit:Nepalese Mona Mulepati and Pem Dorje Sherpa on May 30th 2005
Number of Mount Everest Climbers So Far:About 1,500 men and women from 64 nation

Who Climbed Mount Everest First?

Sir Edmund Hillary from New Zealand and his Nepalese Sherpa, Tenzing Norgay, were the first to reach the summit on May 29, 1953 at around 11:30 a.m. At the time, Tibet was in conflict with China and was closed to foreigners. Nepal allowed only one Everest expedition per year; previous expeditions had come close but failed to reach the summit.

About Sir Edmund Hillary:
Edmund Hillary was born on July 20, 1919 in Auckland, New Zealand. Shortly after his birth, his family moved south of the city to Tuakau, where his father, Percival Augustus Hillary, acquired land.
From an early age, Hillary was interested in having a life of adventure and when he was 16, he became attracted to mountain climbing after a school trip to Mount Ruapehu, located on the North Island of New Zealand.
After high school, he went on to study math and science at Auckland University. In 1939, Hillary put his climbing interests to the test by summiting the 6,342 ft (1,933 m) Mount Ollivier in the Southern Alps.
Upon entering the workforce, Edmund Hillary decided to become a beekeeper with his brother Rex, since it was a seasonal job that allowed him the freedom to climb when he was not working. During his time off, Hillary climbed numerous mountains in New Zealand, the Alps, and eventually the Himalayas, where he confronted 11 peaks over 20,000 feet (6,096 meters) in elevation.

Post-Everest Exploration of Edmund Hillary

After his success on Mount Everest, Edmund Hillary continued climbing in the Himalayas. However, he also turned his interests toward Antarctica and exploration there. From 1955-1958, he led the New Zealand section of the Commonwealth Trans-Antarctic Expedition and in 1958, he was a part of the first mechanized expedition to the South Pole.

In 1985, Hillary and Neil Armstrong flew over the Arctic Ocean and landed at the North Pole, making him the first person to reach both poles and the summit of Everest.

Edmund Hillary's Philanthropy

In addition to mountaineering and the exploration of various regions around the world, Edmund Hillary was very concerned with the well-being of the Nepalese people. During the 1960s, he spent a great deal of time in Nepal helping to develop it by building clinics, hospitals, and schools. He also founded the Himalayan Trust, an organization dedicated to improving the lives of people living in the Himalayas.
Though he helped in developing the area, Hillary was also worried about the degradation of the unique environment of the Himalayan Mountains and the problems that would occur with increased tourism and accessibility. As a result, he persuaded the government to protect the forest by making the area around Mount Everest a national park.
In order to help these changes go more smoothly, Hillary also persuaded New Zealand's government to provide aid to those areas in Nepal that needed it. In addition, Hillary devoted the rest of his life to environmental and humanitarian work on the behalf of the Nepalese people.
Because of his many accomplishments, Queen Elizabeth II named Edmund Hillary a Knight of the Order of the Garter in 1995. He also became a member of the Order of New Zealand in 1987 and was awarded the Polar Medal for his participation in the Commonwealth Trans-Antarctic Expedition. Different streets and schools in both New Zealand and around the world are also named for him, as is the Hillary Step, a technically demanding 40 ft (12 m) rock wall on the Southeast ridge near the summit of Mount Everest.
Sir Edmund Hillary died of a heart attack at Auckland Hospital in New Zealand on January 11, 2008. He was 88 years old.

About Tenzing Norgay:

In 1951 and 1952, Tenzing Norgayjoined two surveying expeditions and was recognized by Sir John Hunt, leader of the planned 1953 expedition sponsored by the Joint Himalayan Committee of the Alpine Club of Great Britain and the Royal Geographic Society.
Since the North Col route on the Tibetan side of the mountain was closed by the Chinese government, the 1953 expedition attempted to reach the summit via the South Col route in Nepal.
As the climb progressed, all but two climbers were forced to descend the mountain due to fatigue and the effects of the high altitude.
The two climbers left were Hillary and Sherpa Tenzing Norgay. After the final push for the ascent, the pair climbed atop the 29,035 foot (8,849 m) summit of Mount Everest at 11:30 a.m. on May 29, 1953.
At the time, Hillary was the first non-Sherpa to reach the summit and as a result became famous around the world but most notably in the United Kingdom because the expedition was British-led. As a result, Hillary was knighted by Queen Elizabeth II when he and the rest of the climbers returned to the country.

Tenzing's Early Life:

Tenzing Norgay was born the eleventh of thirteen children in May of 1914. His parents named him Namgyal Wangdi, but a Buddhist Lame later suggested he change it to Tenzing Norgay ("wealthy and fortunate follower of the teachings").
The exact date and circumstances of his birth are disputed. Although in his autobiography, Tenzing claims to have been born in Nepal to a Sherpa family, it seems more likely that he was born in the Kharta Valley of Tibet.
When the family's yaks died in an epidemic, his desperate parents sent Tenzing to live with a Nepalese Sherpa family as an indentured servant.
Edmund Hillary and  Tenzing Norgay 

11:30 am, May 29, 1953. Sherpa Tenzing Norgay and New Zealand's Edmund Hillary step onto the summit of Mount Everest, the world's tallest mountain. First they shake hands, as proper members of a British mountaineering team, but then Tenzing grabs Hillary in an exuberant hug at the top of the world.
Edmund Hillary and  Tenzing Norgay

Source -  Wikipedia and internet

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